Today's Global Security Challenges | Crisis Group
His Excellency briefly mentioned that the ASEAN principles of unanimity and centrality are linked to the subject matter of the seminar — security and connectivity. To this end, he stressed the need for foreign ministers and leaders of ASEAN to not be bogged down by the principle of non-interference because beyond that, there is the principle of humanitarian intervention. On this note, he remarked that the book had to do with the human aspect of issues, and not merely the principle of non-interference.
His Excellency further emphasised the importance of trust and confidence-building measures amongst ASEAN member states, especially in the realm of security and fighting cross-border crime. He raised the example of transparency in procuring arms, a measure that he claims should be defensive and not aggressive.
Citing another example of peace restoration, he proposed having ASEAN peacekeeping forces under the United Nations UN plan in Myanmar to facilitate repatriation of Rohingya and allay constant fears of interference of the Western world through UN bodies. Dr Frederick Kliem began his keynote speech by introducing one truism of Asia, that it is a region full of developmental opportunities, such as greater regional connectivity, but also challenges, precisely as issues become regionalised. With strong conviction, Dr Kliem highlights that the answer to these challenges lies in multilateralism.
However, he critiques that the many regional institutions have significant overlaps in issues and actors, making it difficult to pin down exactly which institutions are involved. He further opines that while there are merits of ASEAN multilateralism, such as in keeping dialogue alive and identifying the interests of parties, there are three limitations. First, by design — the ASEAN way, important to reach significant capacity to bridge socioeconomic and cultural gaps. Second, by nurture, which inevitably includes distrust among ASEAN states, therein fundamentally inhibiting important processes of data-sharing, which is crucial to tackle trans-national challenges.
Third, geographical limitations and power relations, as he notes that ASEAN is a conglomerate of ten relatively weak nation states that cannot rise above geopolitical competition. To set a background context, Dr Kliem spoke about the three main issues ASEAN was born from: the recognition of the transnationality of security challenges, the low degree of institutional connectivity institutional-wise, in terms of stakeholder connectivity and issue-specific connectivity , and strong belief in ASEAN as the provider of multilateralism for matters pertaining to Southeast Asia.
Caribbean Community flags | Photo: Reuters
Accordingly, he suggests that the third issue should be made the primary principle of security cooperation in SEA. Beyond this, he proposes other guiding principles, such as belief in a rules-based order, a desire to increase cooperation between law enforcement, government and civil society, and to create lasting connections in nodes of connectivity, knowledge and information-sharing, as part of the network. He then introduces the concept of horizontal and vertical connectivity, stating that it is difficult to find security challenges that are in itself completely isolated from other security challenges.
In making his concluding remarks, Dr Kliem highlights that amongst other challenges such as SEA regionalism and domestic politics, distrust among ASEAN member states is the greatest hindrance to information sharing and the creation of multi-stakeholder networks. He argues that there is a significant overlap and that this should encourage greater cooperation between regional institutions. In her keynote speech, Dr Sriprapha Petcharamesree first stressed that migration should be defined as a security challenge not merely about national security, but also cross-border security.
Introducing the idea of people mobility, Dr Petcharamesree hinted at its problematic nature, being a concept that is limited to mobility of tourists, skilled labour and professions as well as students. Firstly, it does not have a policy and clear agenda on migration, except ASEAN mutual recognition agreements and a few other declarations. In the course of the meeting, participants appraised some analytical methodologies on electoral violence, security, trends as well as models. They reflected broadly and exchanged ideas on best practices in electoral security and action to be taken by all stakeholders as the region approaches yet another busy schedule of elections.
Alimou Diallo congratulated the ECOWAS Electoral Assistance Division EAD for the excellent work done so far and for the quality of choice of the participants judging from their contributions which went a long way in enriching the debates throughout the conference. The EAD was created in to assist the Commission in coordinating the support, management and implementation of regional policies in electoral processes.
These demands will stress U.
How might these competing pressures be reconciled? DoD first needs to define a defense strategy that embraces the goal of extending democracy and freedom, although not in the ways that were attempted in Iraq.
This means greatly increasing the emphasis on helping to create or enhance stability in key areas abroad. To that end, the force-sizing criterion posited by the defense strategy and refined in the Quadrennial Defense Review should be further recast. In reality, however, the number of places in which U. The imperative to promote stability and democracy abroad will place the greatest demands on the Army, the Marine Corps, and special operations forces SOF.
- Night Of The Blackbird (Mills & Boon M&B).
- Regional Security System.
- Le Bostoniane di Henry James - RIASSUNTO (Italian Edition).
- Regional Security System.
The most plausible regional wars that U.